What does the term ‘Full-Stack Web Development’ means? As per a survey by ‘Stack Overflow 2016 Developer,’ it is the most popular developer career at present. No wonder you will come across a huge number of online and offline guides/programs that will let you emerge as Full-Stack Web Developer.
So what are the most important skills required to be a Full-Stack Web Developer in 2018? Here’s a brief guide to help you know all of these requirements:
Who is a Full-Stack Web Developer?
A professional capable of working on both the front-end and back-end portions of an application effectively is a full stack web developer. Front-end is a portion of an application user will see or interact with. On the other hand, the back-end is a part of the application that handles a variety of things such as:
– Server configuration
– Database interactions
– User authentication
– Many more
To be a full-stack developer one needs to know all the ins and outs of developing an application (front-end, back-end, server configurations). A full stack developer involves all three layers of the development process:
Business Logic Layer
Now being a Full-Stack Web Developer doesn’t mean you essentially require mastering everything. You simply need to be comfortable working on both sides and understand things that are going on while building an application.
Things to Learn to be a Full-Stack Developer in 2018:
This is a no-brainer! Each program (online or offline) teaching how to be a Full-Stack Web Developer starts with HTML and CSS. Why not? After all, these are the building blocks of the web. In short, HTML helps you to add content to a website. On the other hand, CSS allows styling of content. Some of the common topics related to HTML/CSS you need to master include:
– Semantic HTML
– An overview of benefits of CSS preprocessors
– CSS Box Model
– CSS Media Queries for targeting varied devices and writing responsive CSS
– Working with DOM
– Understand JSON and ways to manipulate it
– Features of important language such as event delegation, functional composition, scope, prototypal inheritance, higher-order functions, and closures
– Callbacks, promises, and asynchronous control flow
– Structuring code effectively and modularizing parts of it (browserify, webpack, or build tools such as gulp is helpful)
– Solid understanding of jQuery code
– Understanding of testing frameworks and its importance
– ES6 features
Databases & Web Storage
Storing data and then accessing it later is important. Hence, you need to hold a decent grasp on the following topics associated with storage and databases:
– Learn about NoSQL databases.
– Understand the benefits of relational data.
– How to connect a database with chosen back-end language.
– Understand benefits of in-memory data stores such as Memcached or Redis.
– Web storage to store sessions, cached data, and cookies in the browser.
This will help you handle things such as application logic, database operations, and user authentication. Almost all boot camps and online programs emphasize on a specific back-end language. So it doesn’t make a difference which one you learn as long as you understand what is going on. Stick to the language you decide to learn. Some of the choices include Python, Node.js, PHP, Ruby, and Java.
HTTP & REST
A stateless application protocol on the World Wide Web, it allows clients to establish communication with servers. You must focus on learning about the following:
– Best practices for designing RESTful API. POST/GET requests.
– What are REST and its importance with respect to the web applications and HTTP protocol?
– Using Chrome DevTools
– What are SSL Certificates?
A version control system, Git facilitates developers work on a team and keeping track of all the changes being made to the codebase. Knowing a few important things related to Git will help as you know how to properly get the latest code missed, make fixes, update parts of the code, and change the code of other people without breaking things. If you need more info so feel free to ask us: freelancewebdeveloper.net/about-us/
Web Application Architecture
You need to learn about common platforms as a service such as AWS and Heroku.
Basic Algorithms & Data Structures
You don’t need to be an engineer in this regard. However, it will definitely help to focus on the following skills:
– Study hash tables and understand them on a deeper level.
– Improving Algorithms & Data Structure Skills.
– Understand the benefits of trees and graphs as data structures.
– Learn Big-O analysis basics to avoid indulging in meaningless things such as creating nested loop 3 levels when it is not needed.
– Knowing when to use an object vs an array.
– Learn the difference between queues and stacks.
– Understand the difference between queues and stacks.
– Understand trade-offs.
– Learning the importance of caching when working with a large amount of data.
– Understanding the pros and cons of in-memory vs disk storage.